Basic chemistry help for students and teachers

 

Interactive Chemistry Worksheets for Students

 

Periodic table

Naming compounds

Basic formula

Simple compounds

Ionic compounds 1

Ionic compounds 2

Chemical suffixes

Old chemical names

Hydrocarbons - Alkanes

Alkanes, alkenes & alkynes

Alkanols to alkanoic acids

 

Common compounds

Common formula quiz

Acids, bases and salts

Covalent compounds

Printable worksheets
 

 

There are many different types of alcohol. The proper name for alcohol is alkanol. The main functional group of alcohols (alkanols) is the hydroxyl or -OH group. Alcohols differ in the number of carbons atoms in the molecules and with the placement of the -OH group in the molecule.

The most common alcohol is ethanol which is commonly produced by fermentation.

A rotating model of ethanol, CH3CH2OH

Table of Common Alcohols and their Chemical Formula

Name of alcohol Chemical formula of alcohol Structure of alcohol
methanol CH3OH methanol
ethanol CH3CH2OH or C2H5OH
propan-1-ol CH3CH2CH2OH or C3H7OH
propan-2-ol CH3CH(OH)CH3